Myra Adele Logan
First woman to operate on a human heart (1908-1977)
Myra grew up with educated parent, and soon learned to value higher education. Myra's mother had received a college education when many women could not, and her father was a trustee and treasurer of the Tuskegee Institute. Inspired by her parents, Myra did very well in school, and won the Walter Gray Crump Scholarship for Black Women. Myra attended medical school to become a doctor, and during her residency (practice in a hospital) she performed surgery in the emergency room of Harlem Hospital in New York City. Dr. Logan was the first woman doctor to operate on a human heart, and her research was well respected. Dr. Myra Logan was the first black woman member of the American College of Surgeons, an exclusive group of respected doctors. Dr. Logan also helped the New York State Fair Employment Practices Committee and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
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Information adapted from History of Women in Science for Young People by Vivian Sheldon Epstein.