Nurse, improved hospital conditions (1820-1910)
When Florence lived, hospitals in England were unsanitary places where disease could spread easily. Florence wanted to help change this, and even though her parents did not approve, she traveled to Germany to learn more about nursing. Florence became responsible for all of the hospitals in the war zone during the Crimean War. She trained nurses and cleaned up the hospitals. Florence greatly improved the quality of care that soldiers received. She returned to England and started the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses, and helped improve hospital conditions in India and England. Florence wrote books on nursing and hospital design, emphasizing the need for organization, cleanliness and compassion for the sick.
Link: The Florence Nightingale Museum
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Information adapted from History of Women in Science for Young People by Vivian Sheldon Epstein.